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Người già bị mất răng phải làm sao

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Người già bị mất răng phải làm sao
Khách hàng trồng implant toàn hàm răng đều đẹp, ăn nhai tốt

Người già bị mất răng phải làm sao? [Bác sĩ Giải Đáp]

Theo phân tích của viện nghiên cứu nha khoa quốc gia, ước tính có khoảng 27% người cao niên bị mất răng. Dữ liệu này cho thấy răng yếu dần theo tuổi tác. Vậy người già bị mất răng phải làm sao? Tìm hiểu ngay sau đây.
Ảnh hưởng của việc mất răng ở người già

Người già bị mất răng như thế nào

Mất răng có thể xảy ra vì nhiều lý do, nhưng nguyên nhân chung bao gồm quá trình suy thoái nướu và hình thành mảng bám. Khi bạn càng lớn tuổi thì mô nướu xung quanh răng ngày càng yếu, lâu dần chân răng bị lộ ra ngoài. Kết hợp với sự tích tụ của mảng bám trên răng gây hư hại men răng, sâu răng dẫn đến mất răng.

Ảnh hưởng của việc mất răng ở người già

Người già bị mất răng ảnh hưởng nghiêm trọng đến chất lượng cuộc sống. Cụ thể như sau:
Suy thoái xương hàm: Mất răng hàm lâu năm có thể gây mất xương bởi răng nằm trên xương hàm, khi không còn răng ở phía trên có thể khiến một phần xương hàm bị lộ ra ngoài, lâu ngày sẽ bị suy thoái. Mất răng càng lâu và càng nhiều thì sự suy thoái xương hàm càng nghiêm trọng.

Người già mất răng
Người già mất răng

Giảm tuổi thọ: Một khi xương hàm mất sẽ ảnh hưởng đến tính thẩm mỹ khuôn mặt, làm giảm tuổi thọ so với tuổi thật.
Dinh dưỡng kém: Mất răng có thể khiến việc ăn nhai khó khăn hơn. Lúc này người cao niên không thể nhai thức ăn rắn thành những miếng nhỏ đủ để các enzyme trong miệng phân hủy hiệu quả. Kết quả là mất chất dinh dưỡng quan trọng để cung cấp cho cơ thể. Điều này có thể khiến người già bị suy dinh dưỡng, ảnh hưởng đến sức khỏe của toàn cơ thể.
Vậy người già bị mất răng phải làm sao?
Người cao niên có thể sẽ mất một phần hoặc hoàn toàn răng khi có tuổi. Đây là nỗi lo lắng với nhiều người, nhưng ngày nay mất răng hoàn toàn có thể khắc phục bằng biện pháp nha khoa. Dưới đây là 3 phương pháp nha khoa tốt nhất cho người già.
Cấy ghép implant bền tốt nhất
Cấy ghép implant bền tốt nhất

Cấy ghép implant
Trụ implant hay còn gọi là chân răng nhân tạo sẽ được đặt trực tiếp vào xương hàm nơi răng bị mất. Sau khi trụ tích hợp hoàn toàn vào xương, bác sĩ sẽ gắn răng sứ lên trên, định hình sao cho giống với răng đã mất.
Trụ Implant hoạt động như răng thật giúp bạn có thể tận hưởng những món ăn ngon một cách thoải mái nhất. Phương pháp này không chỉ thay thế một, hai răng bị mất mà với người già mất răng toàn hàm cũng có thể khắc phục hoàn toàn.
Khách hàng trồng implant toàn hàm răng đều đẹp, ăn nhai tốt
Khách hàng trồng implant toàn hàm răng đều đẹp, ăn nhai tốt

Bằng cách sử dụng nhiều trụ để thay thế chân răng. Bác sĩ sẽ cấy ghép implant All On 4 (4 trụ implant) hoặc implant All On 6 (6 trụ implant). Chân răng này có thể tồn tại suốt đời nếu được duy trì đúng cách.
Tìm hiểu thêm: Làm răng Implant có đau không? Có nguy hiểm không?

Khung hàm tháo lắp

Khung hàm tháo lắp là một thiết bị nha khoa để thay thế cho răng đã mất và các mô lân cận. Hiện có hai loại là:

Hàm giả tháo lắp
Hàm giả tháo lắp

  • Khung hàm tháo lắp một phần: Được sử dụng để lấp đầy khoảng trống còn lại của răng bị mất khi bạn vẫn còn răng tự nhiên. Chúng vừa giúp bạn ăn nhai vừa giúp răng khỏe mạnh không bị di chuyển khỏi vị trí ban đầu.
  • Khung hàm toàn phần: Được sử dụng khi người già mất toàn bộ răng thật.

Mặc dù khung hàm tháo lắp có thể giúp người già ăn nhai tốt hơn nhưng về lâu dài xương hàm bị tiêu, gây ảnh hưởng đến thẩm mỹ và nếu như bạn vẫn muốn sử dụng phương pháp này thì bắt buộc phải làm lại hàm mới.

Cầu răng sứ

Phương pháp này được áp dụng với người già mất một vài răng nhưng chưa đủ điều kiện để cấy ghép implant. Cầu răng sứ là một hoặc vài răng sứ được nối giữa hai cột để lấp đầy khoảng trống của răng bị mất. Về lâu dài, nếu sử dụng cầu răng sứ bạn sẽ bị tiêu xương hàm và có thể ảnh hưởng đến các răng lân cận vì vậy thời gian sử dụng chỉ khoảng 5 năm.

Làm cầu răng sứ khắc phục mất một, vài răng
Làm cầu răng sứ khắc phục mất một, vài răng

Nếu như bạn hoặc người thân bị mất một hoặc nhiều răng, hãy nhanh chóng lên lịch hẹn với bác sĩ để giúp bạn khắc phục khoảng trống, ngăn ngừa nhiễm trùng, mất thêm răng và tiêu xương hàm nhé. Liên hệ ngay với chuyên gia qua hotline 1900.6900 để được tư vấn miễn phí!
 

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